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    Heritage
 
 
Karnataka is rich in its artistic and cultural tradition.  Gothic style was adopted for ecclesiastical buildings to suit Indian conditions.  To protect from the scorching summer heat, rooms were surrounded by open verandahs, columns and capitals.  The fifty years of direct rule of British commissioners during 1831 - 1881 provided the way for the building activities in Mysore.  The Mara math or the Public Works Department established during this period, built primarily buildings for public offices, schools, hospitals, guest houses and officer's quarters mainly meant for public use.

Culture and Architecture : Different Cultures produced different styles.
In Karnataka, in the past the huge temples, gigantic monolithic statues, forts, palaces, mansions, churches, mosques, guest houses, choultries, schools, hospitals, hotels etc constructed in different architectural styles stand testimony to the great building activites under the rule of Kadambas, Gangas, Hoysalas, Chalukys, Rastrakutas, Vijaynagara, the Mysore Wodeyars, Haider Ali, Tipu Sultan and the British administrators who have left behind majestic and beautiful buildings of aesthetic value.

Wood and brick were chiefly employed in the early architecture of Mysore, as in the rest of India, Burma, China and Japan.  Stone replaced wood as the primary material of architecture, as there are specific references in inscriptions of 12th - 13th century A. D, mentioning the conversion by later kings, of temples in wood built by their early predecessors. 

The transition from wood or brick to stone was doubtless made gradually, brick being first used for filling in the wooden framing of the structures.  Apart from monumental and heritage structures, ornamental wells, ponds, tanks and bridges were constructed by ancient rulers.

Features of a building : Architectural components

Windows
are the eyes of the building and are essential as they let in light and air into the rooms.
Door is an important part of a building as it serves as an entrance
Dome is semi circular and hollow roof
Columns or pillars are the main support to the roof or the arches.  It consists of three parts - the base to stand on, shaft or the long column, and the capital or flowers and creepers.  These columns are classified as Daric, Tuscan, Lonic or Corinthian depending on the design and named after the place of their origin.  The stronger the column, the bigger and massive a building can be.
Arches makes the appearance of a building lighter
Towers and Spires makes buildings look more imposing and serve useful purpose.  Most of the forts are full of turrets and towers.
Religious Structures are the symbol of philosophy, faith and spiritual values of people of different cultures.
Houses and bungalows have open courtyards or chawks inside which allow fresh air to enter and cool the whole house.
Monument As explained in the Archaeological remains, Historical remains and Ancient monuments Act of Government of India, 1958 ancient monument means erection of any structure or monument, or any tumulus or place of interest or any cave, rock sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence of not less than one hundred years and includes - the remains of an ancient monument, site of an ancient monument, such portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument as may be required for fencing or covering in  or otherwise preserving such monument and any article, object or thing illustrative of science, art, crafts, literature, religion, customs or morals in bygone ages, any article, object or thing of historical interest, any article, object or thing declared by the Government notification in the official Gazette, which has been in existence for not less than one hundred years.

Monuments or Heritage buildings of Mysore

  • Chamundi Hill
  • Sri Mahabaleshwara Temple
  • The Prasanna Krishnaswamy Temple
  • The Varahaswamy  Temple
  • Mysore Palace
  • Jayalakshmi Vilas Mansion (Manasa Gangothri)
  • Jagan Mohan  Palace
  • Lalitha Mahal Palace - 1931
  • Gun House
  • Deputy Commissioner Office
  • Oriental Research Institute (Gordon Park)
  • Craford Hall and Garden Park
  • Cheluvamba Mansion (CFTRI)
  • Karanji Mansion
  • Chamarajendra Circle - (Opposite Palace North Gate)
  • K. R. Hospital
  • Law Courts Building
  • Devraja Market - 1900
  • Dasara Exhibition
  • Hardwicke High School
  • Hoysala and Public Office
  • Nanjaraja Bahadur Chatra
  • Maharaja's College
  • Maharani's College
  • Medical College
  • K. R. Hospital
  • Rangacharlu Memorial Hall
  • Clock Tower
  • The Jockeys Quarters and ATI Buildings
  • Wellington Lodge
  • St. Philomena's Church
  • Chamarajendra Technical Institute
  • Chamundi Guest House
  • Government House
  • Railway Museum
  • Regional Museum of National History
  • Folk Lore Museum Mysore