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    Mysore
 
 
Mysore is situated in the southern part of the Deccan Peninsula and it forms the southernmost district of Karnataka State.  Mysore is the name by which Karnataka State was known prior to 1973.  Mysore is known as one of the garden cities of India and is also known throughout the world for the pomp and gaiety of its traditional Dasara festival.  The climate of the city is moderate throughout the year and the district is generally free from the occurrences of earthquakes.  Mysore District is the second richest district in forest wealth in the state, next only to Uttara Kannada.  Industrially, it stands fourth in number of factories.  Mysore district is known for its traditional industrial activities like agarbathi, silk-reeling, handloom weaving, and the crafts like inlay work.  Rearing silk worms is one of the major cottage industries of the district and in area under sericulture it stands first.  With regard to trade and commerce, the district is favorably placed.  Considering its progress in respect of development and utilization of irrigational facilities, exploitation of forest wealth and its sericulture potential, Mysore district may be considered as one of the prosperous districts of the state.
 
Mysore district is a table-land situated in the angle where the Eastern and Western Ghat ranges coverage into a group of hills called the Nilgiri hills.  The lands of the district form an undulating table-land with granite rocks protruding at odd intervals.  Lofty mountain ranges covered with vast forests, the home of elephants, shut in the western, southern and some parts of eastern district.
 
Mysore district has a rich and colorful heritage in respect of wildlife.  The forest of the district offer good habitat for larger grazing animals like the gaur and deer.  The wildlife bearing forest areas of Mysore can be grouped into two regions viz., old Mysore plateau and Kollegal hills.  The old Mysore plateau includes moist and dry deciduous forests and undulating plains.  This area harbours a rich and variegated array of wild animals and is probably the best known by naturalists.  There is a good representation of the sambar and spotted deer which seems to prefer a semi-degraded habitat.  The interest of the princely rules of Mysore in the old days and the foresight of the successive Governments of Karnataka in recent years have resulted in the creation of national parks and sanctuaries and strict enforcement of game laws.  Kollegal hills is an eastern extension of the western ghats region expect for the Biligirirangana hill pocket which can support only dry deciduous forests.  The elephants are commonly found over most of this region as bamboo shoots and other plant fodder are available.  The gaur, sambar and the spotted deer occur in most of the hill ranges.  The wild dog is found in many places but the panther and tiger are poorly represented.
 
In the tenth century Mysore was known as "Mahishur", the town where the buffalo-demon Mahishashur was slain by the goddess Durga. The word Mysore expands to "Mahishasurana Ooru", which means the town of Mahishasura. It is believed that during one of the wars between devils and demons on the one hand and gods and goddesses on the other, the demon Mahishasur (Mahishur) overpowered the gods. The goddess on seeing this, incarnated as the fireceful Chamundi or Chamundeshwari and consequently, Mahishasura was killed by Her atop the Chamundi Hill near Mysore. Ever since, the Mysore royal family has worshipped Chamundeshwari as the palace deity. Hills dedicated to Her stand at the eastern end of Mysore town to this day.

Located 770m above sea level and 140 Kms from Bangalore, Mysore, the imperial city, was the erstwhile capital of the Wodeyars. Also known as the city of Palaces, Mysore has never failed to mesmerise the tourists with its quaint charm, rich heritage, magnificent palaces, beautifully laid-out gardens, imposing buildings, broad shady avenues and sacred temples.

Mysore is the erstwhile capital of Wodeyars, the rulers of Mysore State. The Wodeyar family ruled Mysore since 14th century except for a short period of 40 years when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan were the rulers. Today Mysore is one of the major cities of Karnataka. Mysore has emerged as a thriving market for exotic sandalwood & incense, the Mysore silk sarees and stone-carved sculptures.

One of the largest cities in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the headquarters of the Mysore district and the Mysore division in Karnataka. It lies about 140 km. to the south-west of Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka. Historically, the city was the capital of the Mysore kingdom which was ruled by the Wodeyar family.
Various arts and crafts thrived under the kings patronage, leading to the city earning the sobriquet of the cultural capital of Karnataka. Mysore receives a large number of tourists most of whom visit the city during the 10-day celebrations that go on during the dasara festival. Mysore is also known as the city of palaces due to the large number of palaces that are present in the city.

Civic Administration
The civic administration of the city is managed by the Mysore City Corporation which was earlier established as a municipality in 1888 and later converted into a corporation in 1977. It looks after the engineering works, health and sanitation, water supply, administration and taxation in the city. It is headed by a Mayor who is assisted by Commissioners and council members. The city is divided into 65 wards and the council members (also known as corporators) are elected by the citizens of Mysore in elections held in these wards once every five years. The council members in turn elect the mayor. The annual budget of the Corporation for the year 2007-08 is Rs. 11443.89 lakh ($ 28.6 million).

The growth and expansion of the city is managed by the Mysore Urban Development Authority (MUDA) which is headed by a commissioner and its activities include developing new layouts and roads, town planning and land acquisition. One of the important projects undertaken by MUDA is the creation of an Outer Ring Road in Mysore which is expected to ease traffic congestion in Mysore.[14] In recent years, MUDA has faced criticism from citizens of Mysore for its inability to ensure that sites are allotted to domicile residents of the city. The electrical supply to the city is managed by the Chamundeshwari Electricity Supply Company (CESCOM).

The citizens of Mysore elect four representatives to the Legislative assembly of Karnataka through the constituencies of Chamaraja, Krishnaraja, Narasimharaja and Chamundeshwari. Mysore city, being a part of the larger Mysore Lok Sabha constituency, also elects one member to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. The politics in the city is dominated by three political parties, Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Janata Dal (Secular) (JDS).

Business and Economy
In the past few centuries, Mysore has been the home of traditional industries like Mysore weaving, sandalwood carving, bronze work and the production of lime and salt. The planned industrial growth of the city and the state was first envisaged in the Mysore economic conference, held in 1911. This led to the establishment of few big industries in Mysore city like the Mysore Sandalwood Oil Factory in 1917 and the Sri Krishnarajendra Mills in 1920.

In a survey conducted in 2001 by Business Today, the business-arm of India Today, Mysore was ranked as the 5th best city in India to conduct business. In recent years, Mysore has emerged as the hub of the tourism industry in Karnataka, attracting about 2.5 million tourists in the year 2006. Mysore is also termed as the yoga capital and attracts lot of health tourists, mainly from outside of India

For the industrial development of the city, Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board (KIADB) has established four industrial areas in and around Mysore. These are located at Belagola, Belawadi, Hebbal (Electronic City) and Hootagalli.[27]. Some of the major industries located in Mysore are BEML, J. K. Tyres, Wipro, Falcon Tyres, L & T and Infosys.

The information technology related companies are also slowly creating bases in Mysore, with the city contributing Rs. 760 crores to Karnataka's Rs. 48,700 crore IT exports in the year 2006-2007.[28] Infosys has established one of the largest technical training centres in the world [29] and Wipro has established its Global Service Management Center (GSMC) at Mysore.

The industrial sector in the city had some reversals when the automobile manufacturer Ideal Jawa and the Sri Krishnarajendra Mills closed their operations in Mysore. There have been some revival efforts like the takeover of the Krishnarajendra Mills by the Atlantic Spinning and Weaving Mills Ltd. but these have run into other problems.

Culture of Mysore
Mysore, also known as the cultural capital of Karnataka, is well known for the festivities that take place during the period of dasara, the state festival of Karnataka. The dasara festivities which go on for 10 days were first started by the king Raja Wodeyar I (1578-1617 CE) in the year 1610[44]. On the ninth day of dasara called as Mahanavami, the royal sword is worshiped and is taken on a procession involving elephants, camels and horses[45]. On the tenth day called as Vijayadashami, the traditional dasara procession (locally known as Jumboo Savari) is held on the streets of Mysore city. An idol of the Goddess Chamundeshwari is placed on a golden mantapa on the top of a decorated elephant and is taken around in the procession, accompanied by tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels. The procession starts from the Mysore Palace and culminates at a place called Bannimantap where the banni tree (Prosopis spicigera) is worshipped. The dasara festivities culminate on the night of Vijayadashami with a torch-light parade (locally known as Panjina Kavayatthu)

The Mysore painting form is an offshoot of the Vijayanagar school of painting. The king, Raja Wodeyar (1578-1617 CE) is credited to have been the patron for this style of painting[46]. The distinctive feature of these paintings is the gesso work in which gold foils are pasted on appropriate regions on the paintings. Mysore is also the location of the International Ganjifa Research Centre which is involved in the research of Ganjifa, the ancient card game and the artwork associated with it.

Mysore is famous for rosewood inlay work, with an estimated 4000 craftsmen in Mysore involved in this activity. Mysore also lends its name to the Mysore silk saree, a feminine wear, made using pure silk and gold zari.

Mysore also has institutes like the Chamarajendra Academy of Visual Arts (CAVA) which offers education in visual art forms like painting, graphics, sculpture, applied art, photography and photojournalism and history of art[50] and the theatre repertory Rangayana, which holds plays and offers certificate courses on subjects related to theatre.

Famous Kannada literateurs; Kuvempu, Gopalakrishna Adiga and U. R. Ananthamurthy have had a long association with Mysore because they completed their education and also served as professors at the Mysore University. The famous English novelist and creator of Malgudi, R. K. Narayan and his cartoonist brother, R. K. Laxman spent a large part of their life at Mysore.

Media
Newspaper publishing in Mysore started in the year 1859 when Bhashyam Bhashyacharya began publishing a weekly newspaper in Kannada, called the Mysooru Vrittanta Bodhini. This was followed by other weekly newspapers like Karnataka Prakashika (1865), Mysore Gazette (1866) and Vrittanta Patrike (1887). One of the well known publishers in Mysore during the Wodeyar rule was M Venkatakrishnaiya, who is also called as the father of Kannada journalism. He started a number of news magazines like Sampadabhyudaya, Vidyaadaayini, Mysore Patriot and Saadhvi. Currently, some of the popular newspapers which have Mysore editions include Times of India and Deccan Herald in English and Prajavani and Vijaya Karnataka in Kannada. Star of Mysore, Andolana and Mysooru Mithra are some of the local newspapers published in Mysore which contain news mostly related to the Mysore city and its surroundings.

Mysore was the location of the first private radio broadcasting station in India when Akashvani (meaning voice from the sky) was setup in the city on September 10, 1935. The radio station was setup by M.V. Gopalaswamy, a professor of psychology at his house in the Vontikoppal area of the Mysore using a 50-watt transmitter.[65][66] The station was taken over by the Mysore state in 1941 and was moved to Bangalore in 1955. In 1957, the name Akashvani was chosen as the official name of the All India Radio (AIR), which is the radio broadcaster of the Government of India. The AIR station at Mysore broadcasts an FM radio channel at 100.6 MHz. Private FM channels are expected to get started in Mysore by the end of the year 2007.

Mysore city started receiving television broadcasts in the early 1980s when Doordarshan started beaming its national channel, all over India. This was the only channel available for Mysoreans till Star TV started beaming satellite channels in 1991. Direct to Home channels are now available in Mysore.

Mysore also has associations with the Mahabharatha and King Ashoka of 3rd century B.C. During the Wodeyar rule, Mysore reached the zenith of its glory as a fabled center of oriental splendor. Hyder Ali and his valiant son Tippu Sultan are notable figures in the history of the land. They expanded the Mysore kingdom on an unprecedented scale and by their resistance against the British, became personages of world fame.
Tippu was a great scholar and lover of literature. His artistic pursuits were also many and he made rich gifts to the Hindu temples. Tippu Sultan "Tiger of Karnataka" was killed in 1799 A.D., and the Mysore throne was handed back to the Wodeyar's. The whole of Karnataka came under the control of the British in the beginning of the 19th century. The new state was named as new Mysore and the Maharaja of Mysore was appointed Governor by Independent India. This unified state was renamed as Karnataka on November 1, 1973. Mysore - the former capital of the erstwhile Wodeyars and also of the State of Mysore lost its prominence to Bangalore.

The recorded history of Mysore City, which was a principal town of a district, goes back to 10th century AD. After witnessing many vicissitudes and remaining for centuries the headquarters of a small principality, Mysore, for well nigh two centuries lost out to Srirangapatna as a city of any consequence. It was Raja Wodeyar who, in 1610, set up headquarters at Srirangapatna after asserting his independence from the Vijayanagar viceroy. The centre of gravity shifted back to Mysore with the court starting to function once again and the population remigrating to it from Srirangapatna. It was administered under the British Commission from 1831 to 1881 after a spell of governance under the great Dewan Purnaiah, who survived the Hyder-Tippu era.

The city really started growing into its present form after the Rendition of 1881 when the throne was restored to Chamarajendra Wodeyar, the scion of the royal family, who ruled the State for 13 years till his death in 1894. Chamarajendra Wodeyar and later the Maharani Regent commissioned a number of important buildings, besides putting some order in the City's by now visible growth. But the credit for its blossoming into the city that we are familiar with goes to the long spell of rule of Krishnaraja Wodeyar, the Saint King and prince among builders, the Silver Jubilee of whose reign was celebrated in 1927. The foundation of the City's spacious and excellently planned layouts had already been laid during the administration of Dewans Seshadri Iyer and M. Visveswaraya. With the Silver Jubilee Spirit of the celebrations of Krishnaraja Wodeyar's rule, the city invested with much of its remarkable aesthetics - new parks and boulevards and some noteworthy additions to its architectural scene. Sir Mirza Ismail (Dewan from 1926 to 1941), a great aesthete himself, did much to enhance the City's aesthetics. Mysore inspite of being ruled by different Rulers and Kingdoms for ages, still retains its old charm and stately beauty. There are many 'not-to-be-missed' sights in Mysore like the magnificent Mysore Palace, Sri Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery, St. Philomena's Church, KRS Brindavan Gardens.

 

Genealogy of the Kings of Mysore

# Names Born in Ruled from Ruled to
1 Adi Yadurayaru 1371 AD 1399 AD 1423 AD
2 Hiriya Bettada Chamaraja Wadiyar I 1408 AD 1423 AD 1459 AD
3 Thima Raja Wadiyar I 1433 AD 1459 AD 1478 AD
4 Hiriya Chamarajarasa Wodiyar II 1463 AD 1478 AD 1513 AD
5 Hiriya Bettada Chamaraja Wadiyar II 1492 AD 1513 AD 1553 AD
6 Thima Raja Wadiyar II 1511 AD 1553 AD 1572 AD
7 Boala Chamaraja Wadiyar IV 1518 AD 1572 AD 1576 AD
8 Bettada Chamarajarasa Wadiyar V 1550 AD 1576 AD 1578 AD
9 Raja Wadiyar I 1552 AD 1578 AD 1617 AD
10 Chamarajarasa Wadiyar VI 1606 AD 1617 AD 1637 AD
11 Raja Wadiyar II 1617 AD 1637 AD 1638 AD
12 Ranadheera Kanteerava Narasaraja Wadiyar 1615 AD 1638 AD 1659 AD
13 Doddadevaraja Wadiyar 1627 AD 1659 AD 1673 AD
14 Chikka Devaraja Wadiyar 1645 AD 1673 AD 1704 AD
15 Kanteerava Maharaja Wadiyar 1673 AD 1704 AD 1714 AD
16 Dodda Krishnaraja Wadiyar 1702 AD 1714 AD 1732 AD
17 Chamaraja Wadiyar VII 1704 AD 1732 AD 1734 AD
18 Krishnaraja Wadiyar II 1728 AD 1734 AD 1766 AD
19 Nanja Raja Wadiyar 1748 AD 1766 AD 1770 AD
20 Bettada Chamaraja Wadiyar VIII 1759 AD 1770 AD 1776 AD
21 Khasa Chamaraja Wadiyar IX 1774 AD 1776 AD 1796 AD
22 Krishnaraja Wadiyar III 1794 AD 1799 AD 1868 AD
23 Chamarajendra Wadiyar X 1863 AD 1868 AD 1894 AD
24 Krishnaraja Wadiyar IV 1884 AD 1895 AD 1940 AD
(3rd Aug)
25 Sri Jaya Chamaraja Wadiyar XI 1919 AD 1940 AD 1947 AD
The Mysore Royal Dynasty which started from Yaduraya spanned over a period of 550 years to Sri Jayachamaraja Wodeyar.  The overall contribution of the royal dynasty despite many turbulent phases in between for the development of the state and giving it a rich cultural foundation in immense.  The kings of Mysore were benevolent and were loved and respected by their subjects and this sentiment is very strong among the people of Mysore whose love for the Royal family is beyond words
 

Mysore Administration

The District Administration has got two parallel administrative bodies :

The Zilla Panchayat is under the Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (RDPR)department. It is the executing body for the development works of Zilla Panchayat programmes and is the monitoring body for the development works of the Taluk Panchayats and the Gram Panchayats.

This office is headed by the Chief Executive Officer.

The Deputy Commissioner's Office is under the Revenue department and sees to the overall administration of the district and maintains Law and Order .

The Deputy Commissioner (Revenue) is the head of this office.

DC's OFFICE

The Deputy Commissioner's Office is headed by the Deputy Commissioner (Revenue)

He is in charge of the general administration of the entire district and is responsible for maintaining law and order in the district. The Deputy Commissioner is assisted by the Head Quarters Assistant .He is the head of the Revenue district.

Mysore Revenue district is divided into 2 sub-divisions headed by Assistant Commissioners. These sub-divisions are comprised of talukas headed by Tahsildars. Taluks are further divided into hoblis headed by Revenue inspectors. These hoblis are comprised of villages. Groups of villages are formed into Village Accountant circles. Village Accountants maintain revenue records and it is their duty to collect revenue and other dues.

The Administrative Section directly assisting the Deputy Commissioner in his office is headed by the Office Assistant of the rank of Tahsildar.

There are four sub-sections in this office : 1)Service section which deals with service matters of the staff 2)Revenue section which collects all government dues 3)Judicial section which looks after all matters coming under the purview of CRPC, IPC & CPC Acts 4)Election section which looks after all election matters.

Mysore Deputy Commissioner has a Protocol Tahsildar to look into the protocol matters of VIPs.
There is a Muncipal Tahsildar to deal with Muncipal affairs. There are seven muncipal offices in Mysore. They are :K.R.Nagara, Hunsur, Periyapatna, H.D.Kote, Nanjangud, T. Narasipur and Bannur.

There is an Election Tahsildar to look into the election works.

The Deputy Commissioner is an appellate authority against the orders of Assistant Commissioners and Tahsildars regarding Land matters or any other administrative matters.

 

Zilla Panchayat

The Zilla Panchayat is headed by the Adyaksha and assisted by the Upadyaksha, a team of 39 ZP elected members, and MLAs, MLCs and MPs who are ex-officio members of ZP. In all, there are 63 elected members who take decisions regarding the financial, social and developmental matters of the whole district.

The term of the Adyaksha and Upadyaksha is for a period of 20 months.

There are 5 sub-committees:

1) Planning, Finance and Audit sub-committee headed by the ZP Adyaksha

2) General Standing sub-committee headed by ZP Upadyaksha

3) Education and Health sub-committee

4) Agriculture and Industry sub-committee

5) Social Justice sub-committee


The executing authority is the Chief Executive Officer appointed by the Government.

The Chief Executive Officer is assisted by

a) The Deputy Secretary

b) The Chief Planning Officer

c) The Chief Accounts Officer

d) Project Director

e) The Counsel Secretary

Planning Section:

The Chief Planning Officer heads the Planning Section. This section

Compiles the requirements of the plan amounts of Grama Panchayat, Taluk Panchayat and the Zilla Panchayat.  Prepares the perspective plan of the Grama Panchayat,Taluk Panchayat and the Zilla Panchayat

Distributes the plan schemes grants released from the government to Zilla Panchayat among Zilla Panchayat, Taluk Panchayat and Grama Panchayat Monitors the progress of implementation of plan schemes Prepares Taluk panchayat Grama Panchayat and Zilla Panchayat annual developmental plan
Prepares the draft plan for Zilla Panchayat and urban local bodies for submission to the Finance Committee
Prepares the MMR for each Plan schemes
Prepares the notes for monthly and quarterly KDP meetings
Prepares the notes for review meeting of District-in-charge
Prepares the guidelines, allotment and physical targets of the action plan
Monitors the implementation of all housing schemes in the rural areas of the district
Feeding and monitoring grama panchayati samanya mahiti
Prepares the notes for District Planning Committee meeting

Role of the Accounts Section :

The Chief Accounts Officer is the financial head.

The section prepares the budget of Zilla Panchayat
Prepares monthly, quarterly and annual accounts
Advises the CEO regarding financial transactions
Monitors the repayment of loans, interest on loans from other departments
Internal audit of Taluk Panchayat, Grama Panchayat and Zilla Panchayat
Releases the amount from Zilla Panchayat to various implementing officers
Role of Administrative section:

Supervision of the administrative work of all departments coming under Zilla Panchayat and Zilla Panchayat office
Administrative and general supervision of Zilla Panchayat activities
Deputy Secretary works as Secretary of 3 standing sub-committees

Role of Development section:

Deals with all correspondence for RDPR programs and sends reports for RDPR schemes

Role of Project Director Section:

Implements SGSY, Rajiv Gandhi drinking water scheme, Swacha grama and IREP schemes

Role of Counsel section :

Preparation of agenda for the Zilla Panchayat general body meetings and Sub-committee meetings
Answer the questions of the ZP members
Issue meeting notices
Record meeting proceedings
Take follow-up action on whatever points were taken up at the meetings

 

Important Telephone Numbers

Chief Executive Officer

2330052

Deputy Commissioner (Revenue)

2424079

Police Commissioner

2523777

Joint Director of Collegiate Education

2426696

Joint Director of Public Instruction

2422208

Pri. District & Sessions Judge

2330452

Jt.Director of Agriculture

2442239

Government Guest Houses

 

Government House Nazarbad

2520653

PWD Guest House

2443352

Chamundi Guest House

2421152

Jaladarshini Guest House

2517344

Other Government departments

 

Administrative Training Institute

2443264

Karnataka Public Service Commission

2545918

Central Public Works Department

2473649

Commissioner of Income Tax

2486499

Prison Training Institute

2497744

RTO

2330364

Regional Tourist Office

2421833

Water Supply & Drainage Board

2543552

Weights & Measures

2363107

Women & Child  Development Department

2495432

Youth Services & Sports

2564179

Zoo Authority of Karnataka

2520302